SHORT HISTORY OF BORGU

Borgu emirate is one of the oldest kingdoms in Northern Nigeria The emirate is said to be over 1000 years old In fact, both oral and written traditions on the kingdom show that the last emir was the 314th Emir of The history of Bussawa is closely related to the story of Borgu. One Kisra, a legendary figure said to be a maternal uncle of the Prophet Kisra was said to be at the head of immigration from Arabia, although some historical accounts suggest that himself never reached the Niger. He was said to have caused tremendous stir by refusing to accept the reforms of the Prophet after which struggle, he was forced to cross to Africa and eventually transverse the continent and settled on the By the time Kisra and his followers reached Borgu the Niger area was said to be practically uninhabited There were however few hunters who lived in small villages and considerable number of Yorubas, Kisra was received by the inhabitants and settlement of himself and his followers was entirely peaceful. .
From the death of Kisra at Bussa, until the middle of eighteenth century a gap exist The names of one or two kings are remembered though the dates at where they reigned are now forgotten The first chief from whom the successor can be trace was Named KISERU BRODI whose son Yerima Bussa had encounter with Habe rulers of the North was succeeded by KITORO KUNAIDI Kizagga and-Kignara sons of Yerima Bussa followed. On the death of Kignara no one could be found to accept the SAROTA (leadership) This may be due to the traditional method of succession of the Bussa of which ascension to the throne is by open contest between eligible princes. The one who wins the contest automatically ascends to the vacant stool. The new emir could be either son of late, brother or uncle.

However, Kifoyide, full brother of Kignara was said to have persuaded his younger brother Kitoro to accept the throne. Kitoro ruled for about forty years, from about 1793 to 1835 during which time Mango Park arrived. He was said to have given Kitoro a silver medal, which has been carefully preserved by succeeding kings of Bussa. Kitoro was succeeded by the eldest son of Kizagga, Kisaru Dogo of whose reign little is known. Upon his death, Dogo ascended the throne. From the reign of Pwegunu Bewalaki, to the emergence of kignara 11 or Dan Toro and subsequently Kisaru Dogo, Kitoro 11 or Gani and theothers, internal squabbles among the ruling class, internecine wars of the Fulani Islamic Reformist Movements, as well as coming of the colonialists, greatly affected the remaining history of Bussawa. The British which finally controlled the area known today as Borgu Emirate introduced a lot of administrative changes among which is a selection committee for the Emir of Borgu. In 1902, the selection committee selected its first Emir for Borgu stool.

Consequently, Borgu has two ruling houses in Bussa, for the Emirship of Borgu namely Gbemusu and Fu'i ruling houses. Alhaji Haliru Dan Toro who is from Gbemusu ruling house is the 315th Emir of Borgu.

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